Over the last year we have been working hard to improve an area of Staines Moor SSSI (site of special scientific interest) as part of our riverside enhancement project. The River Colne runs through Staines Moor and a variety of important habitats are found along its edges. The part of Staines Moor owned by Thames Water, sometimes referred to as Stanwell Moor, hadn’t been actively managed for some time. Large numbers of willow trees and hawthorn bushes had started to encroach on what is historically a uniquely flat moorland that was very important for ground nesting birds and other wildlife. This project aimed to try and reverse this trend and bring the moor back into its traditional, historic state. We’ve made a start on this by removing a large portion of willow from one of the on-site ponds and by felling a lot of hawthorn bushes on the previously open moor. There is still work to be completed in the autumn once birds have finished breeding for the year but the site is already looking more open which is fantastic for local wildlife. The introduction of grazing cattle has helped get on top of long, coarse grasses to provide a much better habitat for a variety of wildflowers. This in turn will attract more insects and their predators and greatly increase the biodiversity on the site. We have also started work on pollarding (a technique used to reduce the size of trees) willow over the Bonehead Ditch. The Bonehead Ditch runs along the eastern edge of Staines Moor and is an off-shoot of the River Colne. Over years of little management, large willow trees have began to block out light from reaching the water. This means the aquatic plants do not have the food source they require to survive and as such it leads to a drastic loss of biodiversity. We have started at the northern end of the bonehead ditch by pollarding selected trees that were hanging over the channel. This will allow for aquatic vegetation to thrive and will help kick start a vibrant underwater ecosystem. All these changes are serving to improve the biodiversity value of a small portion of a historic and ancient landscape. We hope that surveys at the end of the 3 year project will show the real positive impact that these changes have made on the flora and fauna of Staines Moor SSSI.